The word “thou” refers here to the Gentile churches. "Commentary on Romans 11:22". This is the common language of warning to Christians; the passage should not be used for or against the doctrines of perseverance, irresistible grace, etc. If thou continue in his goodness; by continuing to believe and obey him. The goodness referred to is God's sovereign goodness in admitting to a covenant-standing those who before were "strangers to the covenants of promise" (Ephesians 2:12-20). 2 Corinthians 13:10. ἐὰν ἐπιμένῃς τῇ χρηστότητι: if you remain on in the goodness, i.e., continue to be indebted to it, and to it alone, for your religious position. As far then as Christians are illuminated by faith, they hear, for their assurance, that the calling of God is without repentance; but as far as they carry about them the flesh, which wantonly resists the grace of God, they are taught humility by this warning, “Take heed lest thou be cut off.” Secondly, we must bear in mind the solution which I have before mentioned, — that Paul speaks not here of the special election of individuals, but sets the Gentiles and Jews in opposition the one to the other; and that therefore the elect are not so much addressed in these words, as those who falsely gloried that they had obtained the place of the Jews: nay, he speaks to the Gentiles generally, and addresses the whole body in common, among whom there were many who were faithful, and those who were members of Christ in name only. Romans 11:22. Their response determines whether God will spare them ( Romans 11:21) or cut them off ( Romans 11:22). 4-11). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/romans-11.html. "Commentary on Romans 11:22". Which he foreknew - The word "foreknew" is expressive not merely of foreseeing a thing, but implies in this place a previous purpose or plan; see the note at Romans 8:29.The meaning of the passage is simply, God has not cast off those whom he had before purposed or designed to be his people. iii. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hal/romans-11.html. His sermons, books, articles, and more are … BibliographyEdwards, Justin. Compare Acts 13:43, προσμένειν τῇ χάριτι τοῦ θεοῦ, to remain in the grace of God. 1870. return to 'Jump List'. The current love-cult has, to some degree, perverted man's conception of the divine goodness by leaving out of view the aspect of God's character which Paul here commanded men to behold. "Commentary on Romans 11:22". The fact of it is proved by the history of Israel, by God's dispossession of the fallen angels, by the spectacular warnings of the scriptures, and the ultimate impossibility of any sin's being able to stand in God's presence. Follow Desiring God on Instagram. 2012. The caution of the preceding verse is unfolded into a setting before the Gentile of the true state of the matter. Should judgment come on what is termed Christendom for its failure to abide in God’s goodness, the cutting off will be final; no promise remains as in the case of the Jewish nation; see next verse. On them that fell; the unbelieving Jews, the figure of the branches being dropped for the moment. BibliographyClarke, Adam. The obligation to remain in God"s favor is the responsibility of the individual. There is no real difficulty in the expression, continuing in God’s goodness. And on this principle, God has acted in numberless cases. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board). The severity of God - That is, toward the Jews. The word “goodness” properly denotes benignity or benevolence. "Behold, therefore, the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity;but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in this goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.". 1897. Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell severity; but towards thee, goodness, if thou continue in His goodness; otherwise thou also shalt be cut off. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". Well, these verses were written to a local congregation. I’m so glad God cares enough to help us in the practical, day-to-day living out of His will by giving us His Word. Romans 9:24. And when rational agents are concerned, he secures the use of the means by rational considerations presented to their minds, and rendered effectual by his grace, when the end contemplated is good. This was the practice in the Roman agriculture, as we learn from Virgil, Georg. There is no promise or covenant on the part of God, securing to the gentiles the enjoyment of these blessings through all generations, any more than there was any such promise to protect the Jews from the consequences of their unbelief. These words were addressed to people who had just been encouraged with the marvelous sentiments of Paul's 8th chapter, hence, the conclusion that these words are addressed to Christians, Spirit-filled, bona fide sons of the Highest; but this verse thunders a condition, "if thou continue in his goodness"! Includunt, udoque docent inolescere libro. 1887. "Commentary on Romans 11:22". BibliographyHaldane, Robert. "Commentary on Romans 11:22". "Commentary on Romans 11:22". Ver. 1999-2014. severity = cutting off. Only here. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". BibliographySchaff, Philip. As the goodness which the Gentiles have enjoyed may through their fault be transformed into severity, so the severity with which the Jews had been treated may be changed for them into compassionate goodness, if they consent to believe as the Gentiles formerly did. 12 Rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulation, be constant in prayer. His goodness is no evidence that He will not punish the guilty; and the most dreadful punishment of the guilty is consistent with the existence of supreme goodness in the Divine character. "Commentary on Romans 11:22". (Webster.) Feb 8, 2004. BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on Romans 11:22". For goodness, see on Romans 3:12. The Apostle lastly enforces his warning to the Gentile believers by four concluding arguments: First, he calls on them to behold the severity of God’s strict justice in cutting off and casting out the unbelieving Jews. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/romans-11.html. that goodness; for ([supply otherwise:] assuming that thou dost not abide by that goodness) thou also shalt be cut off (ind. For instance, the children of the faithful are ingrafted, to whom the promise belongs according to the covenant made with the fathers; ingrafted are also they who indeed receive the seed of the gospel, but it strikes no root, or it is choked before it brings any fruit; and thirdly, the elect are ingrafted, who are illuminated unto eternal life according to the immutable purpose of God. I love how Pastor John breaks down each passage in each of these podcasts and does it in multiple sessions. The form of Paul’s question and his strong response confirm that Israel’s blindness, hardening and apostasy are … This depends on their responses to God. λποτομιαν, Resection or cutting off, as a surgeon cutteth off proud and dead flesh. 1896. i. Behold the goodness and severity of God, &c. They shall be graffed in, if they abide not in unbelief; for God is able to graff them in again. There is nothing more for him to expect in this condition than to be himself also cut off from the stem. Follow Desiring God on YouTube John Piper. Greek. 13 Contribute to the needs of the saints and seek to show hospitality. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/romans-11.html. It is thus that the grace of God is magnified, at the same time that the highest good is done to man himself.Otherwise thou also shalt be cut off - Compare John 15:2. See Romans 2:2 for χρηστοτης — chrēstotēs kindness of God. "Commentary on Romans 11:22". For, first, though this cannot happen to the elect, they have yet need of such warning, in order to subdue the pride of the flesh; which being really opposed to their salvation, ought justly to be terrified with the dread of perdition. They saw in the Jews an example of God’s severity, which ought to have terrified them; while in themselves they had an evidence of his grace and goodness, by which they ought to have been stimulated to thankfulness only, and to exalt the Lord and not themselves. 22 Notice how God is both kind and severe. Christians do not merit the favor of God by their faith and good works; but their obedience is an indispensable condition on which that favor is to be continued. We should look on all his dispensations of judgment or of mercy, and derive lessons from all to promote our own steadfast adherence to the faith of the gospel. 1905. This word is in the nominative, according to the weightier authorities, and we may supply ‘there is.’. 1599-1645. To add to this that God has infallibly secured either one or the other, is to mar the apostle’s doctrine, destroy the freedom of man, and the moral government of God. In all countries the principle is the same, though the mode is various. Job 23:12 I have treasured the words of his mouth more than my daily bread. Romans 11:22 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 11:22, NIV: "Consider therefore the kindness and sternness of God: sternness to those who fell, but kindness to you, provided that you continue in his kindness.Otherwise, you also will be cut off." Their shooting gems, a swelling knot there grows; Just in that space a narrow slit we make. Bibliography"Commentary on Romans 11:22". Piper is founder and teacher of desiringGod.org and is author of more than 50 books. So their current position should make them recognise both the goodness and severity of God. Christians do not merit the favor of God by their faith and good works; but their obedience is an indispensable condition on which that favor is to be continued. God forbid: but [rather] through their fall salvation [is come] unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy." fut. 25 As indeed he says in Hosea, And severity of God - As χρηστοτης, goodness, signifies the essential quality of the Divine nature, the fountain of all good to men and angels, so αποτομια, severity, as it is here translated, signifies that particular exercise of his goodness and holiness which leads him to sever from his mystical body whatsoever would injure, corrupt, or destroy it. BibliographyTrapp, John. The one is according to the order of nature, but the other is against and contrary to nature.". The word “goodness” properly denotes benignity or benevolence. But kind to you. The exhortation of Romans 11:20 (‘Be not high-minded, but fear’) is virtually repeated in Romans 11:22-24, but now as an inference (‘therefore’) from Romans 11:21. But if it be asked respecting individuals, “How any one could be cut off from the grafting, and how, after excision, he could be grafted again,” — bear in mind, that there are three modes of insition, and two modes of excision. Goodness… severity—These are the two alternatives from God, conditioned on the continue and the fall in man. Lastly, He shows the probability as well as the possibility of the Jews' conversion; namely, because God had done that which was more unlikely already, to wit, in graffing the Gentiles, who were wild olives, into the true olive, which was more difficult and unlikely than to graff in the Jews again, which were natural branches. Paul is not speaking of the connection of individual believers with Christ, which he had abundantly taught in Romans 8 and elsewhere, to be indissoluble, but of the relation of communities to the church and its various privileges. A second reason is taken from the free grace and undeserved goodness of God to the poor Gentiles, who were mercifully planted or grafted in the room of the Jews. In John Piper’s longest and most memorable sermon series, he tracks the magisterial epistle of the apostle Paul to the Romans — the greatest letter ever written. Thou also shalt be out off. But, at the same time, the fact that the covenant was made originally with the Jew, and that he was the natural heir to the promises which it contained, is a guarantee for his restoration if he would only dismiss his unbelief. The word “severity” now suggests sometimes the idea of harshness, or even of cruelty. DD. We need to hold the two in balance. But towards thee, goodness - Toward the Gentile world, benevolence. ἀποτομία: here only in N.T. English Standard Version. Goodness and severity ( χρηστότητα καὶ ἀποτομίαν ). BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Romans 11:22". The former word is rendered ‘kindness’ in Ephesians 2:7 and elsewhere; the latter is the inflexible rigor of justice; both refer to the manifestations of God’s attributes, rather than to the attributes themselves. Else shalt thou — Also, who now "standest by faith," be both totally and finally cut off. Romans 11:22 in all English translations. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". [25] Richard Trench, Notes on the Parables (Westwood, New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1953), p. 164. To those Jews who have fallen, Christ said: "the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you" (Matthew 21:43). Paul therefore says to the Gentile, that he must continue in the divine favor, "otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.". "Commentary on Romans 11:22". 25 As indeed he says in Hosea, https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsc/romans-11.html. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". (ed. It demands expressions of thanksgiving. It is thus that the grace of God is magnified, at the same time that the highest good is done to man himself. That God will yet lay righteousness to the line, and judgment to the plummet, is now seen in His treatment of Israel, whom He had so long spared after they had sinned against Him. In whose moist womb the admitted infant grows. Gentiles can become objects of God"s sternness, and Jews can become the object of His kindness. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. We continue in God’s goodness, by continuing in the faith. 1870. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/romans-11.html. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, severity; but towards thee, the goodness of God, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, "Those who fell" are the unbelieving Jews, and "you" are the believing Gentiles. "Those who fell" are the unbelieving Jews, and "you" are the believing Gentiles. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". If they became disobedient and unbelieving, then the same principle which led him to withdraw his mercy from the Jewish people would lead also to their rejection and exclusion. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". Some twelve years after Paul wrote these words, the Roman army surrounded Jerusalem and 1,100,000 Jews (who had fallen) DESTROYED THEMSELVES (see note on Matthew 24:21). Romans 11:22. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". The goodness and severity of God. It is the duty of the Christian to take God’s character as it is given by Himself. BibliographyHodge, Charles. And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffe... Read verse in King James Version BibliographyWesley, John. This is not to suggest that somehow we must seek to maintain our faith by ourselves, for it is God Who maintains our faith if we are His (John 10:27-29; 1 Corinthians 1:8-9; Philippians 1:6; Jude 1:24; 1 Peter 1:7). Cf. Preeminent among all of the attributes God has revealed concerning himself, the quality of his everlasting goodness stands out, not in the sense of being more than other qualities of God, but in the sense of being most frequently stressed and emphasized in the word of God. Is God telling them, "don"t worry about unfaithful Christians, I"ll save them anyway"? But on thee; the preposition is the same as before; ‘toward’ might be used in both cases, but ‘on’ is somewhat closer to the original. Is that the message? He says τῇ χρ. 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