Varieties. Research shows that the grass is highly drought torelant and grows in major agroecological zones in Eastern Africa. But it can be used in crop pasture integrated systems where the grass seed is oversown on maize crop planted earlier for the production of high quality forage in the off season. The advantage of Napier grass is that it propagates easily. Kikuyu is primarily a grass suited for grazing and not haymaking. Learn Dairy farm, buy dairy cows online, start a dairy farm >> How to maintain a healthy rumen in dairy cattle. To meet these demands a dairy cow must consume 3 to 4% of her body weight in dry matter each day. The farm specializes in breeding […] Optimal intake of digestible nutrients occurs when pasture utilization coincides with the late head stage or early bloom stage. Dairy cows require the highest quality forage possible to meet their nutritional needs. It does not have the irritating stinging hair, a quality that makes it very attractive for cut and carry. After sowing, the grass takes about 21 weeks to flower and this is the most suitable stage for feeding livestock. Their milk potential is 40-50 Litres of milk daily. It can also occur on autumn grass. Harvest the first crop five months after planting by cutting at a height of 5 cm above the ground. According to the Kenya Dairy Board, the country’s dairy sector contributes eight per cent to Kenya’s gross domestic product with an annual estimated milk production of 3.43bn liters per annum from 4.3m cattle population. The grass can persist up to 20 years with good management. For optimal production, rainfall must exceed 700mm/ annum. He was awarded a gold certificate last week for his Sweet Farm Dairies Roret farm which stood out among others in the region. Lower temperatures slow down the growth rates, hence the grass performs poorly 1800 meters above sea level. Grass and silage are cost-effective ways to keep your cows happy, healthy and productive. can u sand me seed. In addition,it can be inter-cropped with crops such as legumes and fodder trees, or as a pure stand. Trim the roots to about 5 cm (2 inches) long. It has a crude protein content of 7 to 10 percent on average. Seeds are going at KES 3800 per Kg. And that the dairy industry accounts for 14 % of the total Agricultural revenue collected nationally. Each seedling must have both roots and a shoot. Over to you. Serious problems of disease outbreaks have threatened to wipe out the grass. Vegetative propagation can be done on a small scale but may not apply to large scale farming. They have three varieties all doing well across the country, i.e Mulato, Cyman and Cobra varieties. ... see the series of information sheets on grass management for dairy cattle at Cornell University forages.org. Diseases such as the Nappier Grass Stunt Disease and the Head Smut Disease have devastated small holder dairy farmers in Western Kenya and Central Kenya respectively, forcing them to find alternative fodder or abandon dairy farming all together. Unlike Nappier grass and being very aggressive, it is difficult to intercrop Brachiaria grass in long term associations with fodder legumes. Nappier grass. Farmers who are at pains to make their cows produce more milk should give a shot at Brachiaria grass. Napier grass is a fodder grass that produces a lot of high-protein forage. Its scientific name is Pennisetum purpureum. It can be grown along with fodder trees along field boundaries or along contour lines or terrace risers to help control erosion. Basilisk, B. brizantha cv. With good management, the grass can yield up to 140 kg per hectare of seeds with maximum yield at the second year of establishment. Guernsey is adaptable to all climates and management systems and lack any known undesirable genetic recessives. 140k from side farming hustle, How to start a dairy farm and remain successful in dairy farming, Salaries for civil servants delayed as State struggles to get cash, Top Kikuyu news presenter Muthoni wa Mukiri quits Inooro Tv, Kenya’s Top 25 Men in Digital 2020 Edition, How I used Sh. Separate each seedling from the clump. Planting whole stems is useful during the heavy rains, and in hilly areas where you need the grass to sprout quickly to cover the ground. The seeds require fine soil therefore prepare a very good seedbed. How farmer picked the right chicken breed, How to start small and make Sh. Brachiaria grass produces a lot of forage yearly. © 2020 Bizna Digital Services | All rights reserved. This grass has mesmerized farmers who have planted and used it. The Beefmaster cattle are a mixed Brahman-genetics with Shorthorn and Hereford, developed by Tom Lasater in the 1930’s. Regrowth takes about 3 weeks. Dig up the clump of roots and shoots growing under the ground. This means a large lactating dairy cow can eat up to 160 lbs. How and where can I get the seeds..very much interested... Is it only for dairy or it can also support the beef stock and shoats. Got this grass from Githaiga Kihara and it has been a revelation. Brachiaria is drought tolerant and adapts well to poor soils. MG4, B. brizantha cv. They include sorghum, maize and co-4 grass. Napier grass is a fodder grass that produces a lot of high-protein forage. Best Dairy Farmers in Kenya: BY FARMERS TV: When Gilbert Ngetich bought his first Friesian cow in 2009, little did he know that 10 years later, he would be feted for his outstanding performance in a field he had little knowledge in.. The Beefmaster Cattle are one of the biggest and best breeds of beef cattle for grass-finishing, with the cows weighing in at 1,700 pounds and the bulls ranging upwards of 2,600+ pounds. Cows need to be supplemented with 30g of magnesium (or 60g of calcined magnesite) per day - … But to maximise the milk quality and milk yields from your herd, you need a reliable fat supplement to fill the nutritional gaps that grass … Dairy farming in Kenya. Other cultivars include Murandu and MG4 Mulato and Mulato II. Farming businesses in Kenya: The past 14 years were frustrating to Stanley Lagat. In the U.S. grazing dairy cows can theoretically produce between 23 and 27 kilograms of milk per day with no additional feed, while dairy cows fed a mixed balanced diet can produce between 38 and 42 kilograms per day. If a cow is producing 25kgs of milk per day, I usually give 4-6kgs of dairy meal every day mixed with 60gms of Super Vitaphos Ultimax mineral supplements or use Maclik XP. © Copyright 2020: Livestock Kenya. Brachiaria hybrid cv. 30,000 monthly net profit from chickens, Joseph Nderitu: How I rear 250 dairy cows on three acres to make millions, I earned Sh. He keeps 13 animals (four of them calves), 11 which are Friesians... How to Boost Dairy Milk Production: Proper feeding, hormone treatments and of course good livestock management practices are among the strategies that you can... All you need to know about making money from duck farming in Kenya, Why you’re not making money from chicken farming and what to do, George Otieno: How I make Sh. I need to order 5kg of mulatto ll I'm Tanga Tanzania, Brachiaria grass will make your cow produce more milk, Be informed on livestock farming methods and trends, at pains to make their cows produce more milk, Elephant (nappier) grass (penisetum puperum), For Sale Electric scooter citycoco 3000W motor with 20ah bat, Day old to month old improved kienyeji chicks, Choosing the best rabbit breeds for your farm, Making the best out of artificial insemination service in cattle, Starting a successful commercial dairy farming business the right way, Successes and failures in dairy farming in Kenya. Alternatively, sow the seeds in a nursery bed and transplant the seedlings at the age of six to eight weeks. If this is not the case, it must be irrigated. Organic grass-fed is the model for sustainable dairy practices of the future. Locations that experience longer dry seasons of over 5 months are not suitable, unless there is provision for irrigation. It is also known as “elephant grass”, “Sudan grass” or “king grass”. If you planting “slips” or “splits”, you do not have to wait a long time for the grass to grow before you can multiply it. 160,000 per month from my small dairy farm, Easy and effective ways to boost your dairy cow’s milk production. It grows on a wide range of soils including those of low fertility. It can work for all animals that eat grass. Red spider mite and shoot borers are the common pests that attack Brachiaria grass. In summer, by contrast, feed is not a problem, and 1 000 to 1 200 cows are milked, with the dairy average being between 18ℓ and 20ℓ twice a day. Add to Favorites . The best dairy cow in Europe may produce less milk in most parts of Kenya because the environment may not support full expression of production potential. Plant more rows with a spacing of about 90 cm (3 feet) between the rows. “As grass begins to grow from August, calving begins and the volume of milk picks up.” Crossbreed With the above planting process, the harvest will prove successful and you will be satisfied as a farmer. I HAVE SPLITS FOR FARMERS IN TRANSZOIA,BUNGOMA. Brachiaria grass can be propagated by seeds or vegetative methods. Pasture in the cut and carry system removes substantial amount of soil nutrients therefore to maintain soil fertility, it is necessary to apply 2 – 4 tonnes of well cured manure per acre. Piata and B. brizantha cv. Planting materials include seeds, root splits and stem cuttings. Harvest the next crop after every 8 – 12 weeks depending on rainfall, soil fertility and management. I reside near Nyahururu town LAIKIPIA DISTRICT, Kenya, East Africa. In this lesson you will learn about different types of dairy cows, feeding dairy cows in Kenya and how to maintain them. Brachiaria is highly responsive to nitrogen and application of 80 kg calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN) fertilizer per acre per season is advised. The more grass in a cow’s diet, the more flavor and creaminess some people may taste in the milk. Plant them angled into the ground at about 30 degrees, so two of the nodes are buried in the soil and one is above the ground. This will ensure your dairy cows always have a ready feed. Some of the diseases observed in Kenya include rusts, ergot, smut and leaf spots. Drill the seeds along the furrows and cover with light soil. Plant the seedlings in small holes or a furrow. [fv]is the yield of dry matter annually[/fv], i want to buy brachiaria hybrid grass . The crude protein content in the hybrid Napier grass is between 8 and 11 percent. Napier grass is best suited to high rainfall areas, but it is drought-tolerant and can also grow well in drier areas. Create shallow furrows (1 – 2 cm deep) spaced at 50 cm. It can give you an output of 15,000 Kg of dry matter per acre per year. Jiji.co.ke We have 112 Cows Prices starting from KSh 19,000 in Kenya Choose from best offers and buy today! How to plant Napier Grass For Your Dairy Cows. Where the soils are low in phosphorous, apply 100 kg triple super phosphate (TSP) fertilizer per acre. And suppose I want to feed with other nappier grass what is the mixing ration? Duck farming in Kenya: There are numerous meat and egg productive duck breeds available throughout the world. FG ... the leading-edge content is balanced and promotes the best … It is therefore important to choose a cow with the right characteristics for the environment where production will occur. To enhance production, Tangus advises farmers to feed on the cows on maize germ, poultry waste, dairy mineral lick, lucerne hay, napier grass, boma Rhodes and desmodium. I have 5 dairy cows (4 Friesians and 1 Ayreshire), 2 Heifers that have been served and three young calves (about 10 months old). Additionally, the dairy industry in Kenya accounts for around 5-8 % of the total GDP.. From these numbers, you can see that dairy farming in Kenya is an industry that has the potential to improve livelihoods further if well managed. Mixing dairy meal, silage, hay, napier grass, lucerne, mineral lick and vitamins together makes cows not to be very selective in what to eat. Grows fast and looks too good even in arid areas. He went on to explain the differences in milk production for dairy cows that graze on grass versus cows fed a mixed and carefully balanced diet of forage plus concentrates. You can try KALRO Katumani. Seedlings from the slips become established more quickly than those grown from cuttings. Brachiaria grass consists of over 100 species but so far only four varietiess are cultivated as pasture in Kenya. Milk production takes an enormous amount of energy. Water immediately. Guernsey can be considered as one of the best dairy cow breeds as they have minimum calving complication with great potential for producing milk. Learn how your comment data is processed. A total of 64,000 to 96000 root splits are required per acre. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Dairy farmers who have tried it in Malindi, Kilifi, Machakos, Makueni, Uasin Gishu, Trans Nzoia, Nyandarua, Nyeri, Embu and Meru have reported massive boosts in milk production without supplementation with concentrates. If it is not controlled, it can invade crop fields and become a weed. Guinea grass, Kenya sheep grass, Sweet potato vines, Sorghum straw, Wheat bran, Rhodes grass, Kikuyu grass and Napier grass van be rich in manganese. The Friesian cows have a large body that weighs between 500-550kgs with black and white coat design. Nappier grass has been the most promising and high yielding fodder among dairy farmers in Kenya giving dry matter yields that surpassed most tropical grasses. Brachiaria ruziziensis also called the Kennedy or Ruzi grass They are tolerant to drought, recover fast after grazing, and very palatable to livestock. Brachiaria grass is proving to be a better alternative even without the Napier grass disease problem. Maize fodder is a high energy feed grown widely. It is tasty to livestock, more nutritious and easy to digest. Plough, harrow and thoroughly mix soil with well cured manures at a rate of 2 to 4 tonnes per acre. Feeding a Dairy Cow. Average yield per hectare is around 175 tonnes per year in 8 cuts. Hybrid Napier: The hybrid Napier grass has more number of leaves and are considered as best fodder crops for dairy cattle. 100,000 to set up my profitable yoghurt business, What it takes to get Sh. Ok, this one is a bit subjective, but we think it tastes better, and it's all thanks to grass! Cut whole young stems of Napier grass, about 2 m (6 feet) long. Grass feeding cows may be the latest craze, but it is not necessarily the best diet for dairy cows and the ability to produce milk. A number of dairy cattle feeding trials have been conducted at Cornell University using endophyte-free tall fescue silage. The average dry matter yield ranges from 10 to 40 tonnes per hectare depending on soils, rainfall and management. Its scientific name is Pennisetum purpureum. Put the stems end-to-end in a furrow, and cover them with soil. For proper establishment plant at the onset of rains or irrigate if the rains are scarce. Its thick leaves make it hard for weeds to thrive. Cover the roots with soil, but leave the shoots open to the air. Reading Time: 6 minutes By Heather Smith Thomas – When selecting a family milk cow or choosing from the best dairy cow breeds to start a small dairy, there are a number of options.The most “ideal” breed will be one that best suits your own situation and purpose. The disadvantage is that it is an aggressive plant that spreads through rhizomes under the ground. Dairy farming in Meru Kenya: David Mukindia’s dairy farm is situated in Muriatine village, Meru. Brachiaria decumbens cv. Originating in Kenya’s Kikuyu region (Dannhauser, 1987), this is a creeping grass and a prolific grower able to withstand heavy grazing. It has a soft stem that is easy to cut. More importantly, Brachiaria grass produces seeds which do not lose the hybrid vigour. The crude protein content of Brachiaria grass ranges between 5 – 16 percent dry matter with 66% Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF) and Mineral content of about 7-13% Dry matter. It is drought tolerant, has less pests and diseases and produces less greenhouse gases per litre of milk produced. It can play a significant role in soil improvement, soil conservation, increasing bio-diversity and minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. Brachiaria grass is suitable for both cut and carry and grazing systems, and can be conserved as hay or silage. Thinking Globally, Producing Locally About Our Farm About Us About Imani Dairy Farm “Combining over 15 years of hard work and shared family knowledge” This is a small-scale family farm that was started in 2007 in Karatina, Nyeri County, Kenya and is managed by Maina Muthuma, and his wife, Angi Yoder-Maina. Dairy Farming in Kenya My Story. Breeding of Brachiaria grass is a low- risk and highly profitable enterprise that will have a major impact on animal production in Kenya. The plants are vigorous and can be grown in a wide variety of soil types. Xaraes are the best varieties for semi-arid, sub humid and humid areas. They’re the preferred choice for dairy farming in Kenya highlands. It is also known as “elephant grass”, “Sudan grass” or “king grass”. 150,000 from rabbit skin bags and shoes, Kienyeji, Kuroiler or Kenbro? This lesson particularly highlights the necessary information which you will require to feed your dairy cow so that all the aspects of health, as well as productivity, are equally satisfied. Dairy meal – mixture of maize germ, pollard, Soya beans, cotton seed cakes, sunflower, fishmeal and yeast. 7. It grows best in loamy or clay soils. Nappier grass has been the most promising and high yielding fodder among dairy farmers in Kenya giving dry matter yields that surpassed most tropical grasses. It has deep roots, so is fairly drought-resistant. The best advice for water treatment for excessive fluorine can be obtained from the Catholic Diocese in Nakuru. Brachiaria High Protein Grass...set to Revolutionize Dairy Farming. This hardy breed is ideal for the harsh climate extremes of Texas. Magnesium deﬁciency Dairy cows are at high risk of grass tetany (staggers) particularly on lush grass rich in potassium and nitrogen in cold, wet, conditions. of fresh pasture grass in one day. Other advantages the grass has over Nappier grass and other tropical grasses in Kenya is its high plant vigour producing more biomass even on low fertile soils and fast recovery after grazing. Plant the Brachiaria root splits on each hill at a spacing of 50 cm between rows and 25 cm within rows. The tender, young leaves and stems are very palatable for livestock and grows very fast. Good forages for dairy cows include grasses such as Kikuyu and napier, Boma Rhodes, lucerne hay, Brachalia, sweet potato vines, desmodium, sorghum, maize, and so on. Now its harvest time, Mulatto 1 and 2 seeds , cayman seeds all available 07 0722876150 delivery by G4S , easy coach , ena coach the gaurdain coaches, Mulatto 2 Cayman and cobra seeds available email, How much do you sell a bale of brachiaria dry matter,and a kilogram of brachiaria silage. An acre of land requires 2 – 3 kg of good quality seeds. Weed infestation is likely at early stages of the crop cultivation. Dairy farming has grown tremendously in the last couple of years. This includes cattle, sheep and goats. Remove weeds manually, or use herbicides to control broad-leaved weeds. But before we get into the details of Brachiaria grass, let’s take a second look at Nappier grass which for a long time has been the grass of choice for dairy farmers in Kenya. They are rich in vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, proteins and fats and oils. Farmers with entrepreneurial skills can seize this golden opportunity for Brachiaria seed production. And how so I organize with kenya seeds for contract? How can I get the seeds because I have about 7 acres to plant? sesbania sesban are protein sources, while Napier grass, fresh and silage, maize stovers, whole maize crop chopped, fed while green, or ensiled hay, straws, maize thinning, weeds and banana pseudo-stems are energy sources. There is a growing interest in Brachiaria and the demand for planting material is increasing by the day. This is the fifth lesson of our dairy farming course and it is about feeding. From a distance the grass looks like Elephant (nappier) grass (penisetum puperum), but on a closer look, you notice significant differences. Brachiaria grows well in a wide range of agro-ecological zones but does best where rainfall is above 700 mm and mean temperature exceeds 19o Celsius. Plant them along the contour to control erosion. 12k from official job, made Sh. Sweet potato vines, Lucerne, Desmodium, fodder trees i.e. Please advice me on where to buy the seeds. In the nursery bed, sow the seeds in furrows, spaced at 5 cm and mulch with dry grass. Some seed companies have it and there are many farmers growing it. I am a proud dDairy Farming in Kenya. They are heavy feeders eating 90-110 kg fresh forage per day or 3 gunny bags. “That’s why we have seasonal calving and milk only 700 cows in winter,” explains Hartley. You can get Bracharia grass from FIPA, an NGO specialized in the grass. Plant at the onset of rains. It does not grow well in waterlogged areas. But before we get into the details of Brachiaria grass, let’s take a second look at Nappier grass which for a long time has been the grass of choice for dairy farmers in Kenya. I intend to plant at Loitokitok. How much should I feed to Dairy cow of about 500-600 kgs per day feeding on this grass alone?